Saturday, March 17, 2012

Amon




The worship of Amun (-Re and security  later) and religion associated Theologiat of the
 most complex of ancient Egypt. The pictures in the highest security  hidden god Ra as his name means, but it was not a theological god alone, hidden, even though his name is also a hidden form can not be realized. In other words, the ambiguity surrounding Amun is caused by the absolute perfection, and in this it is different from all other Egyptian gods. His Holiness was important so that it remained separate from the universe creature. Was associated with air and this was the hidden force, which facilitated his promotion as God higher.

Mark Amon creating for himself, (except that the school Hermopolis (Ashmunein \ Hmon \ Khmno) theological older was considered one of the gods in Alojdod, Althamon known name), as was his ability to regenerate and re-create itself, which accounted for his ability to transform into a snake and put his skin, and with the This has been different from the creation, separate and independent of him.

Ptouhdh with Ra, the sun, reflected the creation of Amon, and this collection of security  Ra in the same divine extremes: it is as Amun was a mysterious and hidden and separate from the world, and as Ra was a clear and visible and giving of daily life. The same logic was its association with Pmaat, the Egyptian concept of justice and balance in the universe.

Facilitated by the nature of the gods Amun, the hidden associate with the other. Associated with Amun in Thebes at the outset Bmonto, the old god, and then came to associate excelled, and was followed by another associate gods, he knew the names of Ra   security and the security of Atom   Ra Montu-Ra and security   Hrakhca, Maine  security. Here, it must be noted that Amon was not integrated into other gods to create a new god, but he was united for the ability to associate with the divine.

At the height of the worship of Amun -  Ra, close to many of the Egyptian religion as a monotheistic religion, where he became gods other peak of his ability, or manifestations of him. In short he became the only god and the top.

His wife was sometimes called Lamont, feminine version of Amun, but often it was known by name and death, and had a top human being wearing the double crown of Ugean tribal and sea, and their son Khonsu is, the moon. Together formed the triad of Thebes.

Some went to the Amon was a god of relatively recent in ancient Egyptian religion, as the worship in Thebes - where the oldest temples - have not been documented only from the Eleventh Dynasty, but is in fact found mentioned in the embedded-Ahram, which was attributed to the reign of people, the latter in Fifth Dynasty, which is shown as a symbol of creative power, consistent with its role in the gods of Hermopolis Thamon, giving greater forward presence.

Likely that the worship of Amun began in Hermopolis, or that he at first was a god of Thebes locally when she was still the town is of great importance.





Rise


When the family emerged from the territory of the eleventh Herrmontis (Armant), or perhaps of the same good, lavished on the Temple of Karnak, statues and gifts. When you enable Dynasty XVII of the expulsion of the Hyksos Piankhy, it has become to Amun, the god of the capital property, like as a great protector of Egypt.

When carrying the kings of the Eighteenth Dynasty weapons outside the Egyptian border, known up to that time in the military campaigns successful on Syria, Nubia and Libya, the Amon god, a national of Egypt, known universally, Tamsa light of all other gods and installed its place above the gods of foreign countries, Fshaat worship in Nubia and Libya, which was a common Egyptian culture there. Rates of all the kings of Egypt and their achievements and their victories Omjadehm to Amun and showered gifts and wealth and the spoils on the temples. Solution at this time the warrior god Amon place as God Montu chairman of the city of Thebes, and became king of the gods.

Became the god Amun in Nubia Dynasty twenty-fifth, as was the priests of Amon in the Kingdom of Blana (Nabbatea) and Marwa in control of all affairs of state, King Vijtaron and direct his military campaigns, and sometimes even Argmonh to commit suicide as mentioned Diodorjs Sicilian. This lasted until the third century BC, when the Erkaman (Arkamane Ergamenes) slaughter of the priests.

Keep pace with the rise to the rank of the god Amun, national and global levels with the increasing importance of Thebes. This rise accelerated with the assumption of security  erased first (August Sanپ   Ra) ruling in Thebes and founded the Twelfth Dynasty, and reached its peak in the era of the modern state when he was celebrated in the festival Oپt. Accompanied by the name hinted security  founder of the family name of the god Amun and carried after him three of his successors, the kings also took Taibion ​​Many of the Middle Kingdom the same name later.

In ritual festival Oپt, was carrying a statue of Amun of Karnak on the boat to Thebes (Luxor) celebrated his marriage to the death as Kamut  F Khonsu they'll have to complete the triad of Thebes, which was in this role is the ability of creation.

Amon enjoyed great popularity among the people where he was called out Bnasir the poor, and it protects the weak from the strong and the protector of justice, and had to ask for help from Amon to prove purity or to purify himself of his sins first.

Amon was the link of ownership means that the Egyptian king derives his power from him as a son like what happened when I found Queen Hatshepsut (Maat  Kara) which have a helper, and Vazmth itself to be announced as his daughter, and a girl her temple in Deir el-Bahari in his name. According to the official theology of the modern state in the security of  Ra is the one who ruled Egypt from the King, and shows his will through his priests. But with the increasing importance of the increased power of the god and his priests gain control grip on the political scene, and arrived to the case that ruled Egypt from the strain of the Kings are the priests of the family-first century.

Amon

Images of Amun in the form of human figures, wearing a crown out of it are two forms are parallel, rectangular and circular party, may represent Resthan superpowers of the tail of the falcon god Almstaartan Maine. There are two common types of shot: In one of them depicted sitting on a throne, and the other depicts the development of the penis erect (ithyphallic) holding a whip in his hand, just as images of God Min. It is likely that this latter is filming its original form which was known as the god of fertility, which leads in front of the King's ceremonial rituals to cultivate the land or harvest yield.

During the Eighteenth Dynasty Egyptian goose was considered (chenalopex) Ktgesd sacred to Amon, but he was represented as a ram, and more abundant wool of centuries brackets who came to be known centuries of Amun in his name and found a representative in this way since the days of Amenhotep III. (In turn linked to the type of domestic rams-haired old sender and the centuries straight brominated god Khnum). And also appeared in human form with a frog, a representative for his role in Alojdod.

Sometimes the name of the sun god Amun-Ra match the name of the security of  Ra, especially when he was referred to as the "king of the gods" from the eighteenth dynasty, where the rule of the heavens in the cosmology of the Egyptian god Ra. When the transfer Omnman the first capital to Atjtawi (at the edge of the Delta; yet to be discovered and can be Liszt) has increased the importance of this pairing excelled politically and theologically, which was made perfect sense for a god superior Kamon, who was nicknamed also "King of the mitral Two Lands."

Ages in Greek was Amon -  Ra sometimes depicts a bearded man's head and the body of a scarab and falcon wings and feet and claws of a lion, with a view to bring many different qualities of it







Decline

Beginning of the reign of Thutmose IV of the Eighteenth Dynasty in the time I reached the cult of Amun to its height, began to reverence an abstract image of the sun is in the Aten, to appear. Until Ahmose, founder of the family found a pattern Imitdha Aten when he shines. Arrived to the worship of Aten apogee when the campus of King Amenhotep IV, who became King Akhenaten common worship of Amun. Failure of Akhenaten to impose the worship of the god Aten on the people and failed to eliminate the influence of the priests of Amun, powerful, returned Religion Ancient to what it was after his death and destroyed the effects and the temples of Aten and abandoned his capital, sister  Manhattan (Amarna) to good again at the hands of his successor Tut  - Ankh  - security. In the period following the return of the worship of Amun, wrote hymns and prayers to the security -  Ra almost monotheistic in its formulation and its meaning.

After the demise of the Twentieth Dynasty shift the center of gravity for good and the authority of Amun began to shows signs of abating. Kings tried to priests in the family, the twenty-first save prestige of Amon as they can, and with the family to the capital of the twenty-second was in the north, but the priests of Amon continued to play an important role in the antique capital of Thebes.

Consistently weak governance has increased the division between Upper and sea, and from that time was the veneration of the Nubian kings of Amun worship which prevailed in their own land, which is a long time to save a good position, the capital of their king Fjaloha despite the fact that their wealth and influence of cultural influence were not enough.

Amon was the god of good even in the time of degradation, in addition to that he was God, the most important for a number of areas of the Delta and the temples of many small town of prestige in Middle Egypt to Canoپs on the Mediterranean Sea (near Abu Qir); as it was represented to some extent national aspirations of local of Upper Egypt in the face of Middle Egypt and the Delta

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